朝鲜半岛的数字电台


+ 原文是syccb贴在《BCL论坛》的一篇英文材料,Pizza试着翻译了一段,滥竽充数地贴在这里据为己有,呵呵 :P

     在持续运作了50年后,朝鲜于2000年12月停止了语音形式的数字广播。在6月份,金大中总统与金永南委员长举行了第一次首脑会谈之后,平壤操纵的A-3模式的数字广播活动量就在逐渐减少。

     朝鲜的语音形式数字广播使用5位数一组的密码,分别通过3座发射机发报。它们中的两座平时也用来播出“朝鲜之声”面向韩国与日本的朝鲜语节目。

     其中一座数字电台通过“朝鲜之声”的621、657、684、702、720、855、3250和6400千周的频率在国际标准时间15:00(东八区正值午夜)以《红旗之歌》作为开始曲进行播出。最后一次收听纪录是在2000年8月25日。

     另一座数字电台则以《游击队进行曲》为前奏,在729、801、1080、3320和6250千周同时开播。它的最后一次播出是在12月8日。这座电台通常在特定的日期向特定的潜伏人员发送密码电文。例如,给“101号”情报员的密电一般在1月、3月、7月和9月的第10、11天发送。而给“3166号”情报员的电文则在3月、6月、9月和12月的第12、13天发送。这些电文通常在播出后的次日有一次重播。

     这些密码电文播完后,在上述频率会接着播出“朝鲜之声”的正常节目。

     第三座数字电台的发射平台与“朝鲜之声”没有关联,不过发射时间同样与“朝鲜之声”对外广播的播出间隙同步,用《金日成将军之歌》作为前奏曲。这座电台使用的频率是4770与5870千周,最后一次监听纪录发生在9月11日。

     这座电台会不时插播一些歌颂金日成将军的合唱曲目。根据监听纪录,它的每次开播时间似乎不太固定,有可能是国际标准时间的4:00、10:00、12:00,也可能在14:00、17:00或22:00。未播报电文时,它也会播出散文或普天堡电子乐团、王在山轻音乐团、朝鲜人民军协奏团、万寿台艺术剧团等文艺团体演出的节目。

     每逢3月、6月、9月和12月第8天、第28天的12:30,这座电台会“应服务员与工人同志的要求”播出音乐节目。12月31日、2月15日、4月14日的22:00和1月1日、2月16日、4月15日的12:00,电台只播放音乐节目。2月16日与4月15日分别是金日成与金正日的诞辰。

North Korea ceased numbers broadcasts in voice in December 2000 after five decades of operations. Activities of numbers broadcasts in A-3 mode operated by Pyongyang had gradually decreased following the first-ever inter-Korea summit meeting in June between South Korean President Kim Dae Jun and North Korean leader Kim Jong Il.

The North Korean numbers stations in voice, which transmitted five-digit figures, had three outlets. Of them, two were broadcast over Radio Pyongyang, the Korean-language service beamed to South Korea and Korean residents in Japan.

The first one that opened with Red Flag Song over Radio Pyongyang on 621, 657, 684, 702, 720, 855, 3250 and 6400kHz at 1500 UTC (midnight Korea and Japan time) was last heard on August 25.

The other one started with March of the Guerrilla Army on 729, 801, 1080, 3320 and 6250kHz also at 1500UTC. The station was last intercepted December 8. The March of the Guerrilla Army outlet transmitted numbers and correspondents for specific agents or collaborators on fixed dates. For example, messages for the No. 101 were sent on every 10th and 11th of January, March, July and September, while messages for the No. 3166 were transmitted on every 12th and 13th of March, June, September and December. The messages of the second day transmission were a rebroadcast.

After coded message broadcasts ended, Radio Pyongyang returned to a unified program.

The last outlet was not affiliated with Radio Pyongyang's service but opened with the same interval signal with that of Radio Pyongyang's external service -- an arranged version of Song of General Kim Il Sung. The station, which appeared on 4770 and 5870kHz, was last monitored on September 11.

The station played Cantata to Marshal Kim Il Sung after the interval signal. The station was monitored irregularly at 0400, 1000, 1200, 1400, 1700 or 2200UTC. When there were no messages, the station broadcast readings of essays or music played by Pochonbo Electronic Ensemble, Wangjaesan Light Music Troupe, Korean People's Army Concert Troupe, Mansudae Art Troupe and Pibada Opera Troupe.

At 1230 on every 8th and 28th of March, June, September and December, the station played music "requested by servicemen and workers." At 2200 on December 31st, February 15th and April 14th and at 1200 on January 1st, February 16th and April 15th, only music was played without announcement. February 16th is the birthday of Kim Jong Il and April 15th is the birthday of the late North Korean President Kim Il Sung.